Reference Materials - Environmental Science/Studies and Green Living
For bird-related sites see Ornithology.
An "online initiative featuring the sounds of some of the West's most iconic species and places. The Acoustic Atlas will collect the sounds of Montana and the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, along with habitats and species from throughout the Western United States." From Montana State University. Also listed under Ornithology.
The Aldo Leopold Archives
The digital archives of conservationist Aldo Leopold.
America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation
An ebook published by the National Academies Press.
Animal Diversity Web
"Animal Diversity Web (ADW) is an online database of animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology at the University of Michigan."
Biodiversity Heritage Library
"The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global 'biodiversity commons.'"
Botanic Gardens Conservation International [BGCI]
"BGCI U.S. works with over 100 member gardens and conservation organizations to raise awareness and scientific understanding of threatened plants in North America." The website includes PlantSearch, a "global database of living plant, seed and tissue collections [with] 1,293,731 collection records, representing 418,643 taxa, at 1,081 institutions," and GardenSearch, a "global source of information on the world's botanic gardens [with] 3,229 botanic garden profiles worldwide."
CV Starr Virtual Herbarium
"The C. V. Starr Virtual Herbarium, is the electronic gateway to the collections of the William and Lynda Steere Herbarium. The goals of the Virtual Herbarium are to make specimen data available electronically for use in biodiversity research projects; to reduce shipping of actual specimens for projects where digital representations will suffice for study; and to reunite data elements (e.g., photographs and drawings, manuscripts, published works, microscopic preparations, gene sequences) derived from a specimen with the catalog record for that specimen. ...The digital collections of the Virtual Herbarium, comprising approximately 1,300,000 herbarium specimens and 225,000 high-resolution specimen images, are updated daily as the Garden pursues the goal of digitizing all of its 7,300,000 plant and fungi specimens."
A store and blog providing products and information about sustainable living.
"Environment Portal & Search Engine."
Electronic Green Journal
A peer-reviewed, open access environmental journal from UCLA.
Environmental Literacy Council
A nonprofit "striving to connect teachers and students to science-based information on environmental issues" with "over 1,000 pages of background information and resources on environmental topics."
Everglades Digital Library
"...an evolving library of information resources relating to the South Florida environment. The scope of our collections includes scientific and technical reports, natural history writings, educational and interpretive materials, datasets, maps, photos, and a directory of other Internet sites relating to the greater Everglades. ... a project of the Everglades Information Network, a collaborative effort of the Florida International University Libraries, the Florida Center for Library Automation, Everglades National Park, and numerous other agencies and research organizations."
FHS Library, Archives, and Research Portal
"The Forest History Society (FHS) promotes the study of the history of human interaction with the environment. Our Library and Archives contain an extensive collection of published works, photographs, and numerous primary sources that provide a comprehensive look at forest, conservation, and environmental history."
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
"The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an international open data infrastructure, funded by governments. ... It provides a single point of access (through this portal and its web services) to more than 400 million records, shared freely by hundreds of institutions worldwide, making it the biggest biodiversity database on the Internet. The data accessible through GBIF relate to evidence about more than one million species, collected over three centuries of natural history exploration and including current observations from citizen scientists, researchers and automated monitoring programmes."
The U.S. Global Change Research Program, "a Federal program that coordinates and integrates global change research across 13 government agencies to ensure that it most effectively and efficiently serves the Nation and the world. USGCRP was mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act of 1990, and has since made the world's largest scientific investment in the areas of climate science and global change research."
Happy Planet Index
"...the leading global measure of sustainable well-being."
IPCC - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
"The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts."
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
"The IUCN Species Programme working with the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) has been assessing the conservation status of species, subspecies, varieties, and even selected subpopulations on a global scale for the past 50 years in order to highlight taxa threatened with extinction, and therefore promote their conservation. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is widely recognized as the most comprehensive, objective global approach for evaluating the conservation status of plant and animal species. From its small beginning, The IUCN Red List has grown in size and complexity and now plays an increasingly prominent role in guiding conservation activities of governments, NGOs and scientific institutions."
The John Muir Exhibit
Provides information on and the writings of conservationist John Muir. From the Sierra Club.
Montana Field Guides
Field guides to Montana animals, plants, lichens, and ecological systems. From the Montana Natural Heritage Program and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.
Montana Natural Heritage Program
"The Montana Natural Heritage Program is the state’s source for reliable, objective information and expertise to support stewardship of our native species and habitats, emphasizing those of conservation concern. The Montana Natural Heritage is a program of the Montana State Library’s Natural Resource Information System. It is operated as a special program under the Office of the Vice President for Research and Creative Scholarship at the University of Montana, Missoula."
National Agricultural Library Digital Collections
"The NAL Digital Collections offers one avenue by which customers can use collection materials available in digital format, whether those materials originated in that format or were converted to it later. The NAL Digital Collections offers rich searching, browsing and retrieval of digital materials and collections and provides reliable, long-term online access to selected publications." From the USDA.
Native American Ethnobotany
"A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants." From the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Also listed under Native Americans/American Indians.
"NatureServe is a non-profit conservation organization whose mission is to provide the scientific basis for effective conservation action. NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs are the leading source for information about rare and endangered species and threatened ecosystems."
"PubAg is a portal to USDA-authored and other highly relevant agricultural research. At launch, it delivers over 42,319 full-text journal articles by USDA staff and includes nearly 1,253,066 citations. The Library will add about 20,000 citations each month." From the USDA.
Renewable Energy World
News and information about renewable energy.
Smithsonian Ocean Portal
News and information about the world's oceans from the Smithsonian.
Online access to US Forest Service research publications.
Aimed at children, Tox Town goes over environmental health concerns and toxic chemicals in cities, towns, farms, etc. with detailed information. From the National Library of Medicine.
Use searchable maps to explore on-site toxic chemical releases and hazardous waste sites from the EPA's Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) and the Superfund National Priority List (NPL).
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Official energy statistics.
USFWS National Digital Library
"The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video, most of which are in the public domain. Those not in the public domain are intended for personal, private use."
Western Soundscape Archive
"Offers representative sounds of more than 570 different Western bird species, all of the region's vocalizing frogs and toads, dozens of reptiles and more than 100 different types of mammals. ... The project's geographic focus includes the eleven contiguous western states - Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming - as well as baseline sound monitoring in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska." Also listed under Ornithology.
Information about wetlands from the EPA.
This site is to help educate people on the value of wilderness and public land preservation.
Yale Environment 360
An online magazine published by the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.
Back to Reference Materials